|§ 92.151. DEFINITIONS. In this subchapter:
(1) "Doorknob lock" means a lock in a doorknob, with
the lock operated from the exterior by a key, card, or combination
and from the interior without a key, card, or combination.
(2) "Door viewer" means a permanently installed device
in an exterior door that allows a person inside the dwelling to view
a person outside the door. The device must be:
(A) a clear glass pane or one-way mirror; or
(B) a peephole having a barrel with a one-way
lens of glass or other substance providing an angle view of not less
than 160 degrees.
(3) "Exterior door" means a door providing access from
a dwelling interior to the exterior. The term includes a door
between a living area and a garage but does not include a sliding
glass door or a screen door.
(4) "French doors" means a set of two exterior doors in
which each door is hinged and abuts the other door when closed. The
term includes double-hinged patio doors.
(5) "Keyed dead bolt" means:
(A) a door lock not in the doorknob that:
(i) locks with a bolt into the door jamb;
(ii) is operated from the exterior by a key,
card, or combination and from the interior by a knob or lever
without a key, card, or combination; or
(B) a doorknob lock that contains a bolt with at
least a one-inch throw.
(6) "Keyless bolting device" means a door lock not in
the doorknob that locks:
(A) with a bolt into a strike plate screwed into
the portion of the door jamb surface that faces the edge of the door
when the door is closed or into a metal door jamb that serves as the
strike plate, operable only by knob or lever from the door's
interior and not in any manner from the door's exterior, and that is
commonly known as a keyless dead bolt;
(B) by a drop bolt system operated by placing a
central metal plate over a metal door jamb restraint that protrudes
from the door jamb and that is affixed to the door jamb frame by means
of three case-hardened screws at least three inches in length.
One-half of the central plate must overlap the interior surface of
the door and the other half of the central plate must overlap the
door jamb when the plate is placed over the door jamb restraint. The
drop bolt system must prevent the door from being opened unless the
central plate is lifted off of the door jamb restraint by a person
who is on the interior side of the door.
The term "keyless bolting device" does not include a
chain latch, flip latch, surface-mounted slide bolt, mortise door
bolt, surface-mounted barrel bolt, surface-mounted swing bar door
guard, spring-loaded nightlatch, foot bolt, or other lock or latch;
(C) by a metal bar or metal tube that is placed
across the entire interior side of the door and secured in place at
each end of the bar or tube by heavy-duty metal screw hooks. The
screw hooks must be at least three inches in length and must be
screwed into the door frame stud or wall stud on each side of the
door. The bar or tube must be capable of being secured to both of
the screw hooks and must be permanently attached in some way to the
door frame stud or wall stud. When secured to the screw hooks, the
bar or tube must prevent the door from being opened unless the bar
or tube is removed by a person who is on the interior side of the
(7) "Landlord" means a dwelling owner, lessor,
sublessor, management company, or managing agent, including an
(8) "Multiunit complex" means two or more dwellings in
one or more buildings that are:
(A) under common ownership;
(B) managed by the same owner, agent, or
management company; and
(C) located on the same lot or tract or adjacent
lots or tracts of land.
(9) "Possession of a dwelling" means occupancy by a
tenant under a lease, including occupancy until the time the tenant
moves out or a writ of possession is issued by a court. The term
does not include occupancy before the initial occupancy date
authorized under a lease.
(10) "Rekey" means to change or alter a security
device that is operated by a key, card, or combination so that a
different key, card, or combination is necessary to operate the
(11) "Security device" means a doorknob lock, door
viewer, keyed dead bolt, keyless bolting device, sliding door
handle latch, sliding door pin lock, sliding door security bar, or
window latch in a dwelling.
(12) "Sliding door handle latch" means a latch or lock:
(A) located near the handle on a sliding glass door;
(B) operated with or without a key; and
(C) designed to prevent the door from being opened.
(13) "Sliding door pin lock" means a lock on a sliding
glass door that consists of a pin or nail inserted from the interior
side of the door at the side opposite the door's handle and that is
designed to prevent the door from being opened or lifted.
(14) "Sliding door security bar" means a bar or rod
that can be placed at the bottom of or across the interior side of
the fixed panel of a sliding glass door and that is designed to
prevent the door from being opened.
(15) "Tenant turnover date" means the date a tenant
moves into a dwelling under a lease after all previous occupants
have moved out. The term does not include dates of entry or
occupation not authorized by the landlord.
(16) "Window latch" means a device on a window that
prevents the window from being opened and that is operated without a
key and only from the interior.
Amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 357, § 3, eff. Sept. 1,
1993; Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 16, § 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.
|DEFINITIONS OF SECURITY DEVICES